Nuclear Energy – What You Need to Know About This Green Energy Source
Nuclear energy derives from uranium, an extremely rare non-renewable fossil fuel that has to be mined very quickly to keep it in operation. A nuclear power plant is required to shut down for a period of time every eighteen to twenty-four months, to remove all of its spent nuclear fuel rods, which become highly radioactive waste. Nuclear energy produces about 20% of the nation’s electricity. The waste materials from this process are contained in special repositories, called holding tanks.
The process of nuclear fission
is used to create electricity and is done by a simple atom with nuclear energy held in the nucleus. When a hydrogen atom combines with neutrons, the two atoms produce high energy, referred to as a chain reaction. This chain reaction is then controlled by another element, such as uranium or plutonium, to continue the chain reaction. It is this process that produces electricity. Today, there are many ways to use nuclear energy.
Nuclear fission is not a way to create energy
directly but rather uses a chain reaction to split an atom in two, creating energy. For this to occur, the nucleus must be in a very high state of vibration, referred to as high beta. This highly energized state is what is needed to split the atoms. Once the atom is split, it releases free neutrons, referred to as the nucleus.
There are many reasons why nuclear energy
is used to produce electricity. It is more efficient than other ways, produces little pollution, and is environmentally friendly. Many scientists believe that using nuclear power will be our main source of electricity in the future. Many nations around the world are now taking advantage of this cheap, reliable, and clean source of energy, and a lot of them have already started. For example, India, Pakistan, and Dubai are all using nuclear power plants to produce electricity for their cities.
There are two different methods for nuclear fusion.
One uses a machine called a fuser, which forces the atoms together, while the other uses what is called a trigger. When the trigger is turned on, the atoms, with their own energy, collide with each other.
While nuclear energy is clean, safe, and effective, there are some downsides.
One of the possible problems with using it is the production of waste. The waste produced by nuclear energy is made up of the nucleus, neutrons, and elements. The waste can also contain radiation, called gamma rays, and this depends on where the input occurs. Nuclear energy must be used with caution because releasing the same amount of nuclear waste into the environment as we do is unlikely since we would need a large number of these machines to make a significant difference.